Elizabeth City State University is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges to award degrees at the baccalaureate and master's levels. Contact the Commission on Colleges at 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, GA 30033-4097 or call 404-679-4501 for questions about the accreditation of ECSU.

ECSU's Teacher Education Program is approved by the North Carolina State Board of Education and accredited by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). Its Industrial Technology Program is accredited by the National Association of Industrial Technology.

ECSU's Laboratory School is accredited by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC).

The university as a whole, or through components of it, has current memberships in various professional learned organizations. Memberships are held in the following:

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education
American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education National Association of College and University Attorneys (NACUA)
American Association of Higher Education National Association of College and University Business Officers
American Association of School Administrators National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators
American Association of State Colleges and Universities National Collegiate Athletic Association
American Council on Education National Cooperative Education Association
American Library Association North American Association of Summer Sessions
Associated Collegiate Press North Carolina Association of Institutional Research
Association for General and Liberal Studies North Carolina Association of Colleges for Teacher Education
Association for Institutional Research North Carolina Cooperative Education Association
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) North Carolina Association of Summer Sessions
Association of Teacher Education Institutions North Carolina Library Association
Carolinas Association of Collegiate Registrar and Admissions Officers North Carolina Student Information System
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA) Society for College and University Planning
College Entrance Examination Board Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM)
Colleges and University Systems Exchange (Cause) Southern Association of College and University Business Officers
Council for the Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) Southern Association of Libraries
Intercollegiate Press Student Information System Users
Mathematics Association of America