Health & Wellness

Health and Wellness


NASM, founded in 1924, is an organization of schools, conservatories, colleges and universities with approximately 630 accredited institutional members. It establishes national standards for undergraduate and graduate degrees and other credentials and is the national music accrediting agency. NASM also provides information to potential students and parents, consultations, statistical information, professional development; and policy analysis.

PAMA, founded in 1989, is an organization comprised of dedicated medical professionals, artists, educators, and administrators with the common goal of improving the health care of the performing artist. Members of PAMA are professionals in fields that include research, education, and clinical practice who hail from all corners of the globe.

Basic Information on Hearing Health: Information and Recommendations for Administrators and Faculty in Schools of Music NASM/PAMA: November 2011 I-4


a. NASM and PAMA are providing this web resource for institutions that teach music to assist local consideration and action about hearing health.

b. The information:

  • is generic, presentational, and advisory in character.
  • is oriented far more to musicians and lay persons than to medical, scientific, or research professionals concerned with hearing health.
  • does not substitute for the professional judgments of medical and other professionals working in their areas of documented expertise.
  • is not to be considered as professional advice or to be used as a basis for the medical treatment of specific individuals.
  • does not supersede present and future empirical research that may confirm, contradict, expand, or change the medical or other information provided here at any point in time.
  • in no way serves as the basis for the accreditation function of NASM or as an addition to the accreditation standards and procedures of NASM. (A Handbook containing standards and a set of Membership Procedures are published separately by NASM.)
  • is not an endorsement of the reference materials listed or cited; nor does it represent an endorsement of other opinions, methods, or approaches described in the text.

c. Health and safety depend in large part on the personal decisions of informed individuals. Institutions have health and safety responsibilities, but fulfillment of these responsibilities cannot and will not ensure any specific individual's health and safety. Too many factors beyond any institution's control are involved. Individuals have a critically important role and each is personally responsible for avoiding risk and preventing injuries to themselves before, during, and after study or employment at any institution. This set of advisory information on hearing health and institutional actions taken under their influence or independently do not relieve the individual from personal responsibility for appropriate, prudent, and safe behavior or action, nor do they shift such responsibility and liability for the consequences of inappropriate, imprudent, and/or unsafe behavior or action in any instance or over time to any institution, or to NASM, or to PAMA.


NASM and PAMA acknowledge with gratitude the efforts of the many past and present professionals in various medical, research, and music-related fields who developed the scientific and practical information summarized in this set of resources. They express appreciation to the members of PAMA, NASM, and the American Academy of Audiology who made comments and suggestions on drafts of this and other documents in this Web resource.

Basic Information on Hearing Health: Information and Recommendations for Administrators and Faculty in Schools of Music NASM/PAMA: November 2011 I-5

Reproduction of this Resource for Institutional Use

This hearing health resource is not copyrighted. It may be reproduced in whole or in part in the interest of education and institutional development. This resource may be edited to fit the local needs of departments, schools, or institutions. Any organization or institution may reproduce the document in quantities sufficient for its own use, but not for sale. Notice of credit to NASM and PAMA should appear on all versions of this resource, both original and as edited for local use.