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Pharmaceutical Sciences

G.R. Little Library

AACP (AACP) is the national organization representing pharmacy education in the United States. The mission of the Association is to both represent and be an advocate for all segments of the academic community in the profession of pharmacy. AACP is comprised of all accredited colleges and schools with pharmacy degree programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, including approximately 50,000 professional degree students, 3,900 students enrolled in graduate studies and more than 5,500 full-time faculty.

BioOne
BioOne is the product of collaboration among scientific societies, libraries, academe and the private sector. It brings to the Web an aggregation of the full-texts of high-impact bioscience research journals. BioOne provides a unique aggregation of high-impact bioscience research journals, featuring timely content on a wide-array of today's most pressing topics, including global warming, stem cell research, ecological and biodiversity conservation BioOne provides integrated access to interrelated journals focused on the biological, ecological and environmental sciences.

Centerwatch Drug Directories
This database contains a listing of drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for sale in the United States. The database is searchable by year or by medical area. Drug information typically includes the drug name, approval status, indication of use, and clinical trial results.

CINAHL w/Full Text(Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature)
Covers nursing, biomedicine, health sciences librarianship, alternative/complementary medicine, consumer health and 17 allied health disciplines. Offers access to health care books, nursing dissertations, selected conference proceedings, standards of practice, educational software, audiovisuals and book chapters. Indexing for 2,717 journals and full text for 320 journals, plus legal cases, clinical innovations, critical paths, drug records, research instruments, and clinical trials.

ClinicalTrials.gov
This site is part of the National Library of Medicine and is a service of the National Institutes of Health. It links users with over 7,200 clinical studies worldwide in a variety of medial specialties. Studies can be identified by condition/disease, drug, sponsor, location, and a number of other factors. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

Doctor's Guide - Recently Approved Drugs/Indications
Links to Internet news reports relating to the approval of new drugs or of new indications for previously available drugs, both domestic and international. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

Drugs@FDA
This database catalogs all US FDA approved drugs, including both prescription and over the counter medications, with information about equivalent products, active ingredients, label information, and each drug's approval history. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

ECSU Drug Information CenterElizabeth City State University's Drug Information Center is a resource center which provides information about prescription and non-prescription medications including vitamins, minerals, dietary supplements and alternative therapies used to treat different disease states. The Center provides relevant, accurate, and unbiased drug information to healthcare professionals and the community-at-large of northeastern North Carolina and southeastern Virginia.

ePocrates
This popular free drug reference program provides regularly updated information on commonly prescribed medications including adult and pediatric dosing, drug interactions, adverse reactions, cost/packaging, regimens and tables, and formularies. Supplementary products are available for

Films on Demand
Films on Demand is a web-based video delivery service that allows users the ability to view thousands of steaming √ā¬†educational videos and Film Clips. Special features allow users the ability to organize and bookmark clips, create and share playlists, and create personalize folders. purchase. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

Food and Drug Administration(FDA)
The mission of the FDA is to promote and protect the public health by helping safe and effective products reach the market in a timely way, and monitoring products for continued safety after they are in use.

Health Source: Consumer Edition Provides consumer oriented information on many health topics including the medical sciences, food sciences and nutrition, childcare, sports medicine, and general health. Includes searchable full text for over 150 consumer health journals, abstracts and indexing for nearly 175 general health, nutrition and professional health care publications, and thousands of essays covering eight major health related subjects, including adult health, behavioral health, cardiology, drug and medication information, pediatric health, senior health, women's health and sports medicine. Includes results from Clinical Pharmacology, which replaces information previously obtained from USP DI: Volume II, Advice for the Patient. (Available via NCLive)

HerbMed
HerbMed is an electronic, interactive herbal database which provides hyperlinked access to the scientific data underlying the use of herbs for health. It is an evidence-based information resource for professionals, researchers, and the general public. HerbMed was created by the Alternative Medicine Foundation, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit tax exempt organization which was formed to provide evidence-based research resources for health care professionals and responsible and reliable information for patients and consumers. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

HSTAT (Health Services/Technology Assessment Text)
A freely accessible database which provides access to the full-text of documents useful in health care decision making. HSTAT includes: clinical practice guidelines, quick-reference guides for clinicians, consumer brochures, and evidence reports sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR); AHCPR technology assessment reports; National Institutes of Health (NIH) consensus development conference and technology assessment reports, and other materials. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

IBIDS Database
The International Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements (IBIDS) is a database of published, international, scientific literature on dietary supplements, including vitamins, minerals, and botanicals. IBIDS is produced by the Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) at the National Institutes of Health to assist the public, health care providers, educators, and researchers in locating credible, scientific information on dietary supplements. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

Legal Information Institute: Overview of Food and Drug Law
Cornell University's Legal Information Institute has put together this web site devoted to finding legal information on the web. The section on Food and Drug Law contains hyperlinks to federal and state drug statutes, regulations and decisions.

LexisNexis Academic
Provides access to full-text news, business, and legal publications. Access over 6,000 news, business, and legal sources. The news coverage includes deep backfiles and up-to-the-minute stories in national and regional newspapers, wire services, broadcast transcripts, international news, and non-English language sources. The Company Dossier module retrieves detailed company information and financial performance measures and can identify and compare companies matching specific criteria. This product also provides access to the renowned Shepard's Citations® service for all federal and states court cases back to 1789.

Mayo Clinic Drugs & Supplements
The Mayo Clinic presents drug information from the MICROMEDEX Patient Care Leaflets. There is also an archive of Drug Watch articles and information on herbals and supplements from Natural Standard. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

MedlinePlus: Drugs, Supplements, & Herbal Information
This database contains information for common supplements and herbs from Natural Standard. Information includes dosing, evidence-based uses, and cautions. It is geared towards use by the general public. The Mayo Clinic Drugs & Supplements page also includes listings from the Natural Standard Drug Guide. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)
Medscape http://www.medscape.com/ Medscape is a free resource for Physicians, featuring Free CME (Continuing Medical Education), medical journal articles, MEDLINE, medical news, review articles, journal commentary, expert columns, patient education articles, book reviews, and more;

National Guideline Clearinghouse
This site is a public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. NGC is sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (formerly the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research) in partnership with the American Medical Association and the American Association of Health Plans. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

NCI Investigational Drugs - Status of Compounds
Designed to provide those involved in various phases of drug development with chemical and physical data on compounds which are past or current development candidates in the Developmental Therapeutics Program, Division of Cancer Treatment Diagnosis and Centers, National Cancer Institute. These range from agents which have only just entered the development pipeline to those which are available commercially. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

New Medicines in Development Database
Provided by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America, this database contains information on pharmaceutical products in the research and testing phase. Information has been obtained through government and industry sources based upon the latest information but may not be comprehensive. The database can be searched by disease, indication or drug. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

NOAH (New York Online Access to Health): Pharmacy
Hosted by New York Online Access to Health (NOAH), this comprehensive page contains a wealth of vital information for the consumer. Sections include links to taking medications correctly, medications for the needy, elderly and children, new drugs, vaccines, vitamins, minerals & herbals, antibiotics and legal issues. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

NC Health Info NC Health Info is an online guide to web sites of quality health and medical information and local health services throughout North Carolina. Designed to meet the needs and interests of North Carolinians, NC Health Info leads users to resources that are reliable and easy to understand. Links on NC Health Info are selected and maintained by North Carolina librarians.

Orphan Drug Act of 1983
Developing a new drug is extremely expensive, especially as an estimated 4 out of 5 products that undergo clinical testing never reach the marketplace. One study estimated the price tag for developing a new molecular entity to be $500 million. Even if a drug has therapeutic merit, that does not guarantee commercial success and a return on the investment. Demographics also play a major role, with some patients with rare diseases or conditions becoming therapeutic "orphans" in the highly competitive, free trade environment. The Orphan Drug Act of 1983 was designed to lessen these problems by providing incentives for manufacturers to develop and market drugs intended to treat or prevent medical conditions that affect fewer than 200,000 people. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

PhRMA: Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America
This site contains many useful statistical tidbits pertaining to the pharmaceutical industry, including collective R&D expenditures and sales for member companies.

PsycINFO
From the American Psychological Association (APA), contains more than 2 million citations and summaries of scholarly journal articles, book chapters, books, and dissertations, all in psychology and related disciplines, dating as far back as the 1800s. The database also includes information about the psychological aspects of related fields such as medicine, psychiatry, nursing, sociology, education, pharmacology, physiology, linguistics, anthropology, business, law and others.

PubMed MEDLINE
PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine, includes millions of citations for biomedical articles back to the 1950's. These citations are from MEDLINE and additional life science journals. PubMed includes links to many sites providing full text articles and other related resources. EBM researchers may find the Clinical Queries search feature (under "Pubmed Services" on the left-hand navigation bar) of use. Searching tutorial available. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

Questions and Answers about Investigational Drugs
On the non-profit Patient Advocate Foundation website, this tutorial answers many questions on the process of drug approval. It is rewritten from the original NCI list, and supplies the reader with a common language description of the process. There is information for the consumer on how to get investigational drugs and warning associated with them. This also includes links to cancer trials websites, investigational drug resources, and other related sites. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

RefWorks
An online research management, writing and collaboration tool and it is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.

RegSource.com
RegSource.com provides regulatory affairs information from agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA), Canada's Health Protection Branch (HPB) and other international regulatory bodies. Some of the information provided are Federal Register notices indexed by subject area, links to regulatory guidance documents, laws and regulations.

RxList
This site contains a large number of drug FAQ's/patient monographs, Tabor's Medical Encyclopedia, and information on alternative medicines and common diseases. Information may be located via a search or by browsing the categories. There are also a number of community discussion boards for specific drugs or diseases. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

Science Direct
An advanced web delivery system for scientific, technical, and medical information, Science Direct provides over 2,500 journals and over 6,000 books covering all areas of science, medicine, and the social sciences.

SciFinder Scholar
Register for a SciFinder Scholar Account
SciFinder is a research discovery tool that allows college students and faculty to access a wide diversity of research from many scientific disciplines, including biomedical sciences, chemistry, engineering, materials science, agricultural science, and more!

TCM HerbLibrary Registration Required
This site, hosted by the Rocky Mountain Herbal Institute, contains a database of herbs organized by botanical name, taste, clinical functions, contraindications, dosages, recommended preparation, physiological and pharmacological notes. The herb records are structured by primary function category, according to the traditional Chinese classification system, as well as by alphabetical indices by Mandarin and by Latin pharmaceutical name. Also included on this site is an electronic textbook of Traditional Chinese Herbal Sciences. Registration is required in order to obtain a user name and password to access the database. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

Therapeutics Initiative: Evidence Based Drug Therapy
The Therapeutics Initiative was established in 1994 by the Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics in cooperation with the Department of Family Practice at the University of British Columbia to provide physicians and pharmacists with up to date, evidence based, practical information on rational drug therapy. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

US FDA Index to Drug-Specific Information
This website contains consumer information documents on drugs approved since 1998 by the US Food & Drug Administration. Datasheets are based on the approved package inserts for medications, and include dosage information, contraindications, approved use(s), producer's contact information, and a link to the PDF image of the approved label for the drug. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill

The Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (FDAMA)
The Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act, enacted Nov. 21, 1997, amended the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act relating to the regulation of food, drugs, devices, and biological products. Some highlights of this legislation include: the extension of market exclusivity by six months for new pediatric indications on drugs; authorization of a new mechanism for fast track approval of drugs for serious or life-threatening conditions; the relaxation of restrictions on pharmacy compounding, permitting qualified practitioners to manufacture, on a local level and limited scale, products not commercially available; allows manufacturers to distribute peer- reviewed journal articles on off-label uses, provided that they first agree to file Supplemental New Drug Applications to bring underground practices into the mainstream. (Health Sciences Library, UNC - Chapel Hill)

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